Jesus' statement that he must withdraw from his followers raises many questions. As He talked with His disciples, He started rising up into the air and finally went into the clouds. He was ordained in Rome in 1950. As long as we possess loved ones outside us, our love for them tends to remain imperfect. The Pentecost event brings us to the third stage of the journey to God in this world. Forty days after Jesus rose, he went back to be with God the Father. The coming of the Holy Spirit was also sign to show that the Messiah had not only come, but was now ruling on the throne in heaven. Quick Facts . It is, of course, the loyal, courageous Peter. During the forty days following the resurrection, Christ appeared many times to his disciples. Their religious values have no relevance to what this new world has brought alive in them. The Holy Spirit coming in power shows that this too is the day the Kingdom is established 1. Those who have reached the third stage of the journey to God are more open to the movements of the spirit within. The Holy Spirit is a person, and is one of the three in the trinity: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. But he would have gone out bringing to others the illusions of Peter rather than the reality of Christ. The traditional view says that this is the coming of the Holy Spirit to inaugurate the Church Age. Again, we find Peter present, loyal to the end. Then those who believed what he said were baptized. We can best learn from the first Pentecost how the Holy Spirit comes into our lives. After Jesus rose from the dead, He told the apostles to wait in Jerusalem until they received power when the Holy Spirit came on them. THE TRINITY. Imagine if one were to pursue the issue further by challenging Peter. He the loyal, courageous, outspoken Peter a betrayer? Separation from Christ, experiencing life without him, often prepares one for his rebirth within. So Peter uttered those confident words, "Though they all fall away because of you, I will never fall away." He brings them back to that journey to the Father and the Father's house. A short time later, we find Jesus in the courtyard, being brutalized by the Roman soldiers. This is what King David had been talking about in the Psalms when he wrote the song to God that says: "You will not leave My soul in Hades [that is, the world of the dead]; You will not let Your Holy One's body rot.". The Spirit can certainly not be called the Son of man; only the flesh of God incarnate can be called the Son of man who, like the Lord Jesus, is flesh born of man, both tangible and visible. Date: Fifty days after Easter Sunday; learn the date in this and future years. Peter could not wait for the boat to land. We don’t have to search the Scriptures very far to see that just as Jesus was foreshadowed and prophesied in the Old Testament, so was the Holy Spirit’s coming. Pentecost is a happy festival. I. Saint Luke tells us that when he saw the young Jewish woman, infant in arms, enter the temple, he knew immediately. His work has many facets and is definitely worthy of study. We are naturally drawn by our senses to the world outside. A carnal-minded man, whatever he shall hear concerning the nature of God, will understand it in a bodily sense; as he cannot understand it as being other than body . a 2 And suddenly there came from the sky a noise like a strong driving wind, * and it filled the entire house in which they were. Like the prodigal son eating the food of the animals in his charge, they remember "even the servants in their father's house live better than they do." But other people were making fun of the apostles and saying they were drunk. They live in a warm, loving Catholic community, with priests and religious and apostolic lay persons who radiate Christ's presence to them. The resurrected, fully reconstituted Christ appeared to Peter after those three days. Christ’s cause on the earth is advanced through the Spirit, through individuals who are indwelt by the Spirit. THE COMING OF THE SPIRIT. Acts 2:4 "And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the … Peter responded, "Yes, Lord; you know that I love you." 1 * When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together. Conversely, in the book of Acts, it is evidently presented that the Holy Spirit was initially granted to the disciples, later transferred to the early Jewish believers and ultimately to the Gentiles. Jesus teaches so much about the Holy Spirit because apart from the Spirit of God we cannot live the Christian life God calls us to in His Word. Kevin Wall, O.P. So, he was surprised and hurt at the words of Jesus. Daniel L. Segraves, Teacher  Just before His ascension, Jesus gathered His apostles and commanded them not to leave Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, “which,” He said, “you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now” (Acts 1:4-5). We'll look more at the Holy Spirit’s dealing with the disciples in future studies. Impossible! he thinks of them (the things he hears) in the manner of those who are wont to hear proverbs: as not understanding them.". He will begin to deal with the sins in our life and help us overcome them. But whether He will or not is up to you. A second person makes the same accusation, with the same denial coming from Peter. He is bringing those we love alive in us in ways that they were never alive before, in ways that they never would come alive within us as long as we have their external presence. 1 When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together. … Peter's experience illustrates the transition from consciousness of Christ as the mirror of the divine outside, to consciousness of the mature Christ reflecting God's presence within. Now Jews from all over the world were in the city of Jerusalem at that time. No longer is this the Jesus who walked on water and controlled the winds and rains. The stage has been set for their return to their true home. Take for example the prophecy of Jeremiah, in chapter 31. The bitter tears continued to flow as he experienced the real Peter within, this stranger, this frightened, disloyal, self-centered, paralyzed, arrogant, foolish person whom he had never met before. The disciples were very happy and so they waited in Jerusalem as Jesus had said, praying all the time. Now, on the contrary, Peter is seeing a Jesus who has been overcome by these same enemies. Chapter 10 in The Journey to God (Antioch, CA: Solas Press, 1999): 87-102. As mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles, outpourings of the Holy Spirit can include healing, prophecy, exorcism, and speaking in tongues. Then God will forgive your sins and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit." Through the external presence and actions of Jesus outside, God begins to effect changes in our inner life. 1 * When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together. Celebrating Pentecost. Many Christians view the Holy Spirit’s existence and works as just an occurrence that was left to the past and may not be present in contemporary world. These qualities were indeed in him. Moved by the Spirit, he recognized the promised Messiah. 2 And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. July 28, 2019. He found within himself the Peter whose fear and self-love had killed the most precious part of himself as effectively as the soldiers killed the Christ outside of him. Only now Peter is seeing an entirely different Jesus, a Jesus whom he had never seen before. This newly enlightened Peter could finally say with Saint Paul, "It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me." He could legitimately point out that during the previous three years he was the most outspoken in his defense of Jesus. We don’t have to search the Scriptures very far to see that just as Jesus was foreshadowed and prophesied in the Old Testament, so was the Holy Spirit’s coming. Only when the beloved is no longer present to us outside can he or she come to fullness of presence within us. Notice that the Holy Spirit has always been omnipresent and ministering upon the earth, but John clearly says at that time that He “had not yet been given” (John John 14:16). Luke 15:11-20. What will your answer be. 2, S13: "Jesus is to be understood as about to change His Disciples from being carnal or animal-minded into spiritual men. They were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in different languages, as the Holy Spirit gave them the power to speak. But you should meet with a local group of Christians to study the apostle's teaching, share together, eat the Lord's Supper together, and pray together. The profound emptying of the flawed ego in us prepares for the birth of the mature Christ within. They no longer care. God the Holy Spirit brings godly repentance and brings about an awareness of when we are not doing the right thing. Peter is seeing a bound, beaten, helpless, impotent, ineffective Jesus. But it is a faith like Peter's, which is ten percent within and ninety percent sustained by their experience of Christ's external presence in others outside them. Basil de Sp. And it’s the Holy Spirit that enables that relationship and empowers us for mission. 39 The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off—for all whom the Lord our God will call.” 40 With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.” 41 Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day. By the operation ofthe Holy Spirit, not only was the conception of Christ accomplished, but alsothe sanctification of His soul, which, in Holy Scripture, is called His"anointing" (Acts x., 38). . They heard a noise from the sky like a strong wind blowing. The Kingdom was at hand (Matthew 3:2) 2. The Coming of the Spirit. It is all too easy to attribute to the Holy Spirit inner movements that should be attributed solely to the human spirit. Learn more about the importance of the Holy Spirit in Christianity. Therefore, it was fitting that God would lead them to the discovery of Christ through external, sensible signs. From the Catechism of the Catholic Church, Simplified « prev: next » Saying "Jesus is Lord" (683) Only through the Holy Spirit can a person be in touch with Christ (1 Cor 12:3). The coming of the Holy Spirit means the continuance of the presence of Christ in us as he promised. In the beginning, the external, sensible, visible reflections of God are indispensable to our spiritual development. 3 Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, which parted and came to rest on each one of them. The Holy Spirit is also important because he is the guarantee of your inheritance in heaven. The Holy Spirit never permanently indwelt believers prior to the Day of Pentecost. How Muhammad could be “in” the disciples stretches all credibility. We are not angels, but embodied spirits. He lives inside them. In this way the Christ we experience outside can become an obstacle to this next stage of the journey. In his judgment of himself, such behavior was simply impossible for him. God, therefore, led them by the external guidance of a star to Christ. "Even if I must die with you, I will not deny you." As mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles, outpourings of the Holy Spirit can include healing, prophecy, exorcism, and speaking in tongues. This is an amazing truth, one which never must be taken lightly, ignored or taken for granted. Since the shepherds were Semites, and God traditionally spoke to Semites through angelic messengers, he chose the external apparition of angels to bring them the good news and to lead them to Christ. Father Antoninus Wall, O.P. They now mean, "You know I love you because you, yourself, put this love back in me after I had killed it by my denial of you." Baptism of Jesus. Reprinted by permission of Father Antoninus Wall and Solas Press. They chose Matthias, who had been with them since Jesus' baptism, to take the place of Judas Iscariot, who had killed himself. What had to happen to them to remove the final barrier that kept them from that immediate encounter? 3 Then there appeared to them 2 divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. The Kingdom would come with power in that generation (Mark 9:1) 3. 91. Saint Thomas points out that humans tend to live in the senses. They find it easy to live in harmony with the moral demands of Christ's message. The day of Pentecost empowered the church to be able to achieve its intended purpose. When people heard the apostles, a large crowd came together. When we have the Holy Spirit in our lives, we can walk into a new feeling of freedom no matter what the situation past, present or future. Jesus looks at Peter, and Peter looks into Jesus' eyes. The answer is clear. 2 When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. . People who slavishly follow letters and doctrines are those who have been eliminated by the work of the Holy Spirit. The story of the coming of the Holy Spirit in an almost visible form – a form that was perceived by the senses – is one of the most dramatic stories in the New Testament. That church continues down to this day. Every person heard the apostles praising God in their own language. They start life growing up in a loving Catholic family. Fr. John, the beloved disciple, recognized that it was the Christ. Fear then overwhelms the vestiges of faith and courage in Peter. Ten days later, when the apostles were all gather together in one room, the Holy Spirit came on them like Jesus had said. We find in the person of Saint Peter the clearest example of the dynamics of the transition from the second to the third stage of the journey. THE COMING OF THE SPIRIT. When this stage has been reached, the continued presence of the external support system can become an obstacle to our growing awareness of the new life within us. Entering the Dominican Order, he pursued his sacred studies at St. Albert's College in Oakland and the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas in Rome. The Holy Spirit in the Book of Acts. Early in the morning, for the third time he is accused of being a companion of Jesus. Without the external, living presence of the deceased in the coffin, the mourners experience for the first time how radically impoverished their life has become. If they had come from such love, he would have returned to the courtyard and acknowledged to all that he was indeed the companion of Jesus. (Micah 3:8; Luke 1: 35) God sends out his spirit by projecting his energy to any place to accomplish his will. To prove this point, Peter quotes David again, this time from Psalm 110, to show again that David was not speaking about himself ascending to the throne, but of the Messiah. “…will teach you everything…” I read book after book on the teachings of the Church, Scripture, theology, and Church history but the one book I pick up the least is the Bible. Today, 2,000 years later, believers are still filled with the power of the Holy Spirit and call upon the Spirit whenever they are in need of strength or guidance. On the contrary, he is bringing that love to an entirely new level of intensity and unselfishness. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. b 3 Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, * which parted and came to rest on each one of them. The Coming of the Holy Spirit Acts 2. For the first time he could see clearly Christ within, the mirror of the divine. He lived his life of constant prayer in the temple.  Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologiae, Third Part, Q36. But, when we start on page one of the Bible, before creation ever even began, we see a depiction of the spirit of God hovering over the dark, disordered waters of … How could you have doubted me?". We have in Peter, then, a clear illustration of how one passes from the first and second stage of the journey to God, to the third stage in which one experiences the mirror of Christ within. Divine providence adapts to this human condition. Christ comes to bring us more abundant life, God in his love for us shares His divine life with us as fully as possible, Sanctifying grace enables us to respond to God, There is much discussion today about the proper understanding of the coming of the Holy Spirit. He flatly denies having anything to do with him. Holy Spirit, in Christian belief, the third person of the Trinity. We need to know who the Spirit is, what He does, and how He does it. Later in the evening, when Jesus is seized in the garden, who springs to his defense? These inner movements of the spirit are not independent of, nor in opposition to, the external mirrors of nature and Christ in his Mystical Body. The majority of us probably belong to this category. With spiritual maturation, our spiritual development can survive without the external support system that brought it into being in the first place. The Holy Spirit, He taught them would come alongside them. Years later they find the happiness they bartered for has not been provided by their new world. The coming of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost was not an isolated event in the life of the Church. By Baptism, the Spirit gives us the life of the Father which is offered in the Son. That same Holy Spirit has come upon you; He inspires you and teaches you. xvi. The lambs and sheep of Christ would have gone hungry. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. He explained that the people were not drunk, but empowered by the Holy Spirit. . The Coming of the Holy Spirit (Acts 1 and 2) After Jesus rose from the dead, He told the apostles to wait in Jerusalem until they received power when the Holy Spirit came on them. He finds a beautiful example in the different ways in which God led the shepherds, the wise men, and Simeon to the discovery of Christ. Luke 3:22 and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of heaven, ” You are My beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.” Jesus being led by the Spirit.  The awesome result of the birthing brings the mother the joyful experience of the new life. A. He currently resides at St. Albert's Priory in Oakland, California. Then, there is the spiritual man. , Jesus loved Peter in a special way, and was preparing him for an extraordinary role in the future mission of his Church. Saint Thomas argues that the shepherds and Magi were carnal men for whom reality was primarily the world of the senses. And every day more and more people became Christians. they are interested in what they can do for the Church rather than what the Church can do for them; they are never lonely because they are never alone; they manifest a deep faith in the Church as a profound, living mystery; they participate in everyone's joy and sorrow; they are quick to acknowledge their many human weaknesses and may even laugh at them; they are forgiving and do not hold grudges; they spend substantive time in prayer; as Christ is the center of their life within, the Eucharist is the center of their outer world; they have little fear of the future and see in death the welcome embrace of God's love; they are always encouraging others to become more involved in the life of the Church; they seem to have little "ego" and show no need or desire for praise, power, honor, and other forms of recognition; they see all persons as children of God made in His image and likeness; they are free of biases of any kind, racism, pride of caste, elitism; they are acutely sensitive to the failings of members of Christ's Mystical Body, they suffer on account of these failings, but they do not criticize the Church; they are eager to proclaim the good news of Christ and strive to give witness to it whenever possible; they do not conceal their faith, but publicly rejoice in it; they show special devotion to Mary and accept her invitation to share in her son's sufferings as a privilege. They still had not reached the face-to-face encounter with God. 2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and c it filled the whole house where they were sitting. (Note the prefix epi, showing the action as the "epi-center" of what happens.). No! The Holy Spirit is the name of the third person in the Trinity, sometimes called the Holy Ghost.Jesus promised the Apostles that he would send the Holy Spirit after his crucifixion and resurrection: "But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. It is everyone who is truly a Christian. A There is one God manifested in three … This occurs when the inner support assisting us to experience the Christ within is withdrawn, forcing us to find his presence within in deeper and more subtle ways. And so he turned to Peter and said, "This very night, before the cock crows, you will deny me three times." what comes and leaves its appropriate, inevitable effects that build on the particular coming. One of his best summary statements on the Holy Spirit is found in a published letter to a Roman Catholic: Peter, honest person that he was, would probably have acknowledged that there were such moments. Coming of the Holy Spirit “When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. Like Mother Teresa they mirror Christ in their words and actions. Summary: The Holy Spirit did not come because the believers prayed but because the day of Pentecost had come, the day appointed for the “birthday of the church.” He baptized the believers into one body,so that they had a living connection with their sovereign Head 1 2 The Spirit is a person and not merely a force. The Holy Spirit is the third part of the Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit that is the way Christians understand God. The Holy Spirit in the Book of Acts. Jesus' withdrawal of his external presence from his followers was a prelude to his coming to full life within them at the first Pentecost. Their external presence excludes their intense presence in our heads, hearts, emotions, memories, and imagination. This law is true of our relations with Christ. He jumped into the water and rushed to the side of Jesus. This reference of being “in” the disciples clearly is a reference to the Holy Spirit’s role of dwelling inside believers as the context of John (John 14:16-26) and the rest of the New Testament (Ephesians 1:13; 4:30) indicates. No longer was it the Jesus who exercised incredible, miraculous powers to the astonishment of all. There is need for every individual Christian to understand the importance of the Holy Spirit in our daily lives. Their lives remind us daily that Christ is still alive and with us in this world. We are not the ones necessarily that conquer sin; God the Holy Spirit is the power that dwells in us to help us do this. Forty days after Jesus rose, he went back to be with God the Father. Matthew 11:1-5 - John the Baptist asks why the kingdom isn't coming in (cp Matthew 17:10-13, note the Lord's answer about John's role, if the people had believed). You too can be saved by Jesus and belong to His church. While he himself administered a baptism in water, there was One coming who would be the administrator of a baptism with the Holy Spirit 3. Who are they who are moved primarily by Christ within? Peter then flees from the courtyard, weeping bitter tears. Two thousand years ago, the Lord Jesus promised us: “And, behold, I come quickly” (Revelation 22:12).Now, all manner of signs of His return have appeared, and many brothers and sisters have had premonitions that the day of the Lord is near. 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